28 Haziran 2010 Pazartesi

Vaccine Schedule

Vaccine Schedule

At birth: hepatitis B

1 Month: Hepatitis B

2 months: Polio (Poliomyelitis)


Hib (meningitis) and hepatitis B

3 Months: BCG (TB, TB)

4 months: polio, DPT, Hib

6 months: polio, DPT, Hib

9 months: Measles

12 Monthly: Water Flower, Hepatitis B

15 months: MMR

18 months: polio, DPT, Hib

5-6 years old (Primary 1) DBT

11-12 years old: (primary 5) Tetanus

High School 1: Tetanus

Colds and flu

Colds and flu

Fever, caused by viruses that do not require emergency treatment and is an infectious disease. Usually rhinovirüsler "cold-called type A virus has been.

Keep the air in the nasal mucosa are rhinovirüsler taken by the left. Activated immune system works to remove the virus from the body. In an effort to take the virus runny nose, sneezing and fever can cause such reactions. When the body free from infection, these reactions will stop.

Expression of colds and flu in the community are used as eşanlamlıymış. Yet they are different diseases. Is a disease caused by influenza viruses and milder. Sudden onset of flu, which is more often a disease of the fire watch is higher. Makes the epidemic, and lowers the bed. For cold or flu is no need to use an antibiotic.

How is the treatment of colds and?

How is the treatment of colds and?

1 - plenty of food must be liquid.

2 - To avoid spreading the disease from other people that should be avoided.

3 - Avoid excessive wear.

4 - Non-smoking environment, should be avoided.

5 - to eliminate congestion Nasal decongestants sprays (decongestants) are used.

6 - antipyretic and analgesic for pain and fever medications are used.

Consult your doctor or pharmacist before

Do not use drugs.

Accurate blood pressure measurement

Accurate blood pressure measurement

To measure blood pressure in a person's last half hour of coffee, alcoholic beverages, tea, cola or smoking is not the absence of heavy exercise, and measurements must be rested before.

Person's arms are plastered. The yellow portion of the arm blood pressure monitor "sleeve" is called. Crimp sleeve should be aligned with the heart. (Or even easier, the elbow of the folded lines are wrapped over one or two fingers.)

Knack of wrapping sleeve, sleeve, which connects two hoses to the pump and the indicator on the left arm is wrapped in a way.

After you plug your ears wrapped sleeve steteskopunuzu. Steteskopun voices to the section "steteskopun aperture is called. Be careful not to hit the diaphragm, your ears may be affected. Elbows close to the body by the diaphragm must place in the pit. (Not the middle of the pit, the pit close to half of the body.) I will listen "brachial artery titled vessels passing through precisely this level.

The most important tip: Blood pressure and heart rate with time is recorded. For example:

Time: 14:00 Blood Pressure: 115/75 Pulse: 90

Pulsation of the inner side of the wrist by the thumb, you can find by feel. To feel the pulse signal, please use your middle and ring fingers. Do not worry, because you do not find much to keep the pulse requires a certain experience. You can seek help from health personnel.

If your blood pressure measured 140/90 's top if (for example, 140/95 or 170/120), this tension of "high" is accepted. To obtain more accurate results of the three blood pressure measurements made between 15 minutes and then take their average.

Preven about birth control pill

Preven about birth control pill

Within 72 hours after unprotected intercourse to prevent pregnancy when used. Therefore, "the next day pill" as named. Provide emergency contraception.

# While pregnant does not harm the fetus if used.

# Other birth control methods have similar side effects.

# The most common side effect is nausea. The most serious side effect, heart attack, and stroke is the formation of clots inside blood vessels.

# Preven'in four years, has a shelf life. Emergency contraception is one of the most long-term shelf life. Can be stored in the fridge for a long time.

How to Preven prevent pregnancy?

Sperm reaching the egg to become pregnant should. Preven, by preventing or delaying cessation of ovarian egg, preventing sperm from reaching the egg or sperm, even if combined with eggs to keep their uterus, preventing pregnancy by preventing the start.

Preven how to use it?

Can be summarized in three simple steps:

1 - Read the patient information leaflet.

2 - you must be pregnant already from a previous relationship in case of "pregnancy test" of your application.

3 - If a negative test within 72 hours your first dose of two pills, twelve hours after the second dose again, consists of two pills to drink.

If you have an existing pregnancy, pregnancy test positive if you get Preven does not work. Preven'nin no adverse effects on pregnancy. However, that relationship after the pregnancy if taken within 72 hours before starting the process yet prevent pregnancy if taken. Started does not end a pregnancy or the baby (fetus) will not hurt.

Preven, "emergency" birth control method. Should not be used as regular birth control methods.

Preven which can be used in situations?

# Condom slippage or tear

# Safe range using the calendar method to calculate the false

# Aperture dislocation

# In case of a raped

# I entered a relationship without the use of birth control methods can be used in situations such as after.

Preven'nin cause a pregnancy test comes next?

If you have a pregnancy if started from the previous month to a Preven does not work. Now, if you're already pregnant women tested positive.

Is an abortion pill is Preven?

No. Preven does not harm an existing pregnancy. Only to meet with the sperm and egg to hold the uterus obstacles. A method of terminating a pregnancy is not a contraceptive.

Healthy, pleasant and "protected" Wishing days.

Genital Warts !

Genital Warts !

The wounds created by the HPV virus in the genital mucosa, "genital warts is called. Vagina, penis, vulva or anus emerged around a few millimeters in diameter, with reddish or brownish papules. (Swelling of)Is a very common infection in the community. Roughly one out of every ten people can be considered as genital warts.HPV genital wart virus does not occur immediately does not grab the close. Clinical appearance is usually a few months, sometimes years to find. The most commonly transmitted through sexual contact, but transmission is possible even without sexual contact.HPV type 78 is found. Does not bleed, there is no HPV vaccine.Genital warts and cancerGenital warts is not a dangerous disease. There is treatment. However, some HPV types, as well as genital warts to anogenital cancers (especially cervical cancer) can cause. Will be cancer of all genital warts cases, he is not a requirement, but the increased risk of getting cancer.How is genital warts diagnosed?The diagnosis of genital warts examined by the doctor puts the skin. To diagnose the lesion must see. Doctors, some of the lesions to the skin to look better solution may take-so-warts will appear in white or with a magnifying glass to examine the wounds.TreatmentThe drugs used in treatment# Keratolytic agents: the upper with the HPV virus in the skin eliminates fading drugs.# Immunmodulators: Immune system regulators. Mechanism of action is unclear. However, the immune system is believed to affect some key ingredients.# Interferons: anti-viral, anti-tumor and immune regulatory effects of the drug group.# Antimetabolitler: also used in cancer treatment, drugs that prevent cell division.Surgical procedures# Cryotherapy: a frozen treat Warts. Especially for lesions on the penis and the vulva are responding well to treatment. But the pain and swelling may develop.# Electrocautery: Again, do not respond to drugs that işelemle large lesion was surgically removed and the remaining tissue can be burned cauter via laparatomy.# LEEP: Hook cauter via laparatomy in the form of a wart removed from under the wart is burnt.The most appropriate treatment with your doctor you should choose the skin. Genital warts can recur. Come back because the virus can be transmitted.In this disease the most undesirable things, a malignant tumor of the genital warts, is likely to turn into cancer. Especially the cervix (cervical) cancer, because 90% of HPV. That's why all women with genital warts, or spouse of the routine annual gynecologic examinations and Pap-smear test to go to the best-wart grows even must-do every year. Again that of untreated genital warts and penile lesions advance, anus, vulva, vagina, can become cancer.Wishing you a healthy and enjoyable life.

Do cell phones cause cancer does?

Do cell phones cause cancer does?

Oncology institutes in the laboratory study of the radiation emitted by mobile phones cause cancer or Groups of scientifically proven that so far as could be demonstrated statistically. Work still continues.

Very high radiation levels are known to cause harmful effects in humans. But here mentioned "high radiation levels," not very strong and mobile phones, UHF / VHF television transmitters, FM radio transmitters and radar is intended. These are those who most need to be afraid.

Istanbul University Department of Public Health, for example, UHF / VHF television transmitters are found in his work in Çamlıca living under the influence of the radiation temperature of two degrees higher than the human bodies that have been identified.

Talking on a cell phone should not be longer than six minutes. Yet in interviews with the mobile phone talk time, if the past six hours, just phone the nearest affected brain tissue around the ear and only a 0.5-degree increase in temperature occurs. The interview lasted less than 6 minutes in a temperature rise that does occur.

With half a degree increase in body temperature is a relationship between cancer. The negative effects of increased body temperature which is not yet known. Maybe he is thinking of the body is destabilized. But there proved to occur with the mobile phone is there any other diseases.

What should I look for when buying a mobile phone?

What should I look for when buying a mobile phone?

The SAR value of each mobile phone, called the measure a radasyon has spread. The SAR value is lower, the better. Your mobile phone will receive the SAR value of 0.1 W / kg should be below.

Cell phone companies are required to write the SAR value on their products. SAR for your phone battery is probably the label on the product's box or in writing.

To sum

1 - Television and radio transmitters have to live in as far as possible.

2 - Cell phones and their base stations caused any cancer could not be proven yet. However, research on this subject still continues.

3 - Do not leave your hand in the measures and do not exceed 6 minutes while talking on the phone.

4 - If possible, use headphones and please move your phone away from your body.

5-Al of the cell phone's SAR value 0.1 W / kg is below the note.

6 - Base stations of public health has no effect on the proven negative.

7 - Apartment to 4 meters from the nearest office to be established how the base station nor the neighboring apartment to apartment is no harm.

8 - in the market "absorbs light radiation bonding," he is no use of adhesive sold.

Schutz vor Zecken ?

Schutz vor Zecken ?

Tick, dunkelrot, braun flachovalem ist achtbeinigen Parasiten. Säugetiere, Vögel und Reptilien leben auf Blut. Sind in der grünen Zone im Frühjahr und Sommer. Um Biss ist schmerzlos. Seen in ein paar Tagen Kündigungsfrist Jucken oder haken. Viele Bakterien und Viren infizieren können den Menschen vom Tier. Zecken übertragenen Krankheiten sind oft hohes Fieber beobachtet Lyme-Borreliose, Renegat Fieber, Tularämie und wie kürzlich bekannt wurde, ist die Behandlung von nicht-infizierten Zecken-Virus durch Krim-Kongo hämorrhagisches Fieber (CCHF) zählen verursacht.

Diese Krankheit in unserem Land in den letzten Jahren gesehen werden, obwohl ursprünglich im Jahre 1944 auf der Krim, im Jahre 1956, auch im Kongo görülmüştür.KKKA Krankheit Zeckenbiss, 1-3 Tage (bis zu 9 Tage), Fieber, Unwohlsein, Kopfschmerzen, Müdigkeit, Gelenkschmerzen , Appetitlosigkeit, manchmal Erbrechen, Bauchschmerzen und Durchfall beginnt. Spontane Bluterguss in verschiedenen Teilen des Körpers, weiterhin mit der Nase blutend und Blutgefäße. Vor allem Leber-, Nieren-und Lungenversagen um 50% verursacht und ist tödlich.

Frei-und Grünräume von Zecke Körper geschützt werden vollständig abgedeckt werden und tragen helle Kleidung sollte am Körper getragen werden kann Präferenzen edilmelidir.Kenelerin Schließung der Offenheit geben ist wichtig. Zur ländlichen Gebieten bei den exponierten Teilen des Körpers als Insektenschutzmittel Repellent Vertreibung der Materie bekannt ist, zu verhindern Zecken sind näher an den Körper ein paar Stunden.

Body sollten regelmäßig auf Zecken Richtung geprüft werden, einer Zange oder Pinzette, wenn Sie einen tick, tick klebte an der Haut, von wo aus die Nägel aus werden Spieler wie links und rechts entfernt werden sollte gehalten werden. Entfernen Sie das Häkchen aus dem Körper ist, wie schnell die Krankheit Risiko so gering ist.

Tierbesitzer und Tierheime gegen Zecken nach dem Verfahren sollten Drogen.

11-19 Jahre alt Impfstoff, ein Hepatitis-B-Impfstoff

11-19 Jahre alt Impfstoff, ein Hepatitis-B-Impfstoff

Sind Sie ein junger Mensch im Alter zwischen 11 bis 19-Gruppe?

So sollten Sie gegen diese schweren Krankheiten geimpft werden!

Unter den 11 bis 19-Jährigen als sehr jung, ist der Impfstoff nur für kleine Kinder und denken, dass Impfstoffe hergestellt werden.

11-19 Altersgruppe unter Millionen von jungen Keuchhusten, Tetanus, Diphtherie, Hepatitis B, Hepatitis A, Varizellen, Masern, Röteln, Mumps, Kinderlähmung, Grippe, Lungenentzündung, HPV-Infektion und Impfung muss, dass vorhersagen kann Meinten

Vaccine SCHEME

Hepatitis B: Impfplan bisher nicht

müssen vollständig.

Masern, Röteln, wird Ihr Arzt sicherstellen, dass Sie zwei Dosen MMR-Impfstoff

Mumps: siehe.

Tetanus, Diphtherie, Keuchhusten: Remember Tdap Dosis zwischen 11-12 Jahre brauchen, um

Es. Darüber hinaus ist eine Tetanus alle 10 Jahre wieder, Ihre

tun müssen.

Kinderlähmung (Poliomyelitis): Poliomyelitis und haben nicht den Impfplan abgeschlossen

Du musst das 18. Lebensjahr abgeschlossen ist jetzt kleiner

Windpocken: Windpocken, bevor der Impfstoff und noch

nicht sofort gegen diese Krankheit geimpft sein.

Zwei Dosen des Impfstoffs, wie es jetzt geschieht. Wenn ein Kind.

Sie müssen als eine Dosis einer einzigen Dosis getan haben

Hepatitis A: Viele junge Menschen in Not der Immunisierung gegen Hepatitis A.

Es. Ein besonders hohes Risiko für Hepatitis-A-Erkrankung

Wenn Sie leben in der Gemeinschaft oder in einer dieser Regionen

Wenn Reisen, gegen chronische Lebererkrankungen

Wenn Sie über Risikofaktoren, oder einfach nur zum Schutz

Wenn Sie zwei Dosen Hepatitis A-Impfstoff machen

HPV: heranwachsende Mädchen aller Gebärmutterhalskrebs

Um zu verhindern, Krebs und Genitalwarzen, vorzugsweise

Da drei Dosen des Impfstoffs sollte zwischen 11-12 Jahre sein. Dieser Impfstoff

Wenn Sie dies nicht bereits geschehen, und jünger als 26 Jahre alt


Grippe, Asthma, Diabetes, Herzerkrankungen, wie eine chronische

Haben Sie Beschwerden? Wer mit chronischen Krankheiten

Die Impfung gegen Influenza wird empfohlen, jedes Jahr. Auch gegen Grippe

Wer auf den Impfstoff schützen will jedes Jahr.

Pneumokokken: Haben Sie eine chronische Krankheit? Ihr Arzt

Pneumokokken-Impfstoff, wenn nötig, zu kontaktieren.

Was macht der Anästhesist tun?

Was macht der Anästhesist tun?

Ihr Anästhesist und Sie ...

Wenn der Anästhesist ist in der Regel krank, lethargisch, und was er tut, nicht weiß, wie ihm zu helfen. Auch vor und nach der Operation an Ihrer Seite ständig.

Vor dem Eingriff:

Sie schreiben Ihren Gesundheitszustand. Wir haben Ihr Zimmer besuchte, erzählte, was zu tun ist und beantwortet Ihre Fragen.

Wollen Sie die Untersuchung, Behandlung und Pflege wird empfohlen.

Sie werden vor der Narkose Medikamente erforderlich sein.

Nach den Ergebnissen der Untersuchung und der Krankheit macht Sie das am besten geeignete Methode der Anästhesie.

Während der Operation:

In der Chirurgie Schmerz nicht für die Arzneimittelentwicklung bietet dein Herz und Lunge Ihrer regulären Arbeit prüft diese und andere Organe ein guter Weg, um die notwendige Behandlung Arbeit, Serum, Blut und andere Medikamente würden benötigt.

Sie, Ihr Anästhesist in der Chirurgie kann der Chirurg tun, um die Arbeit zu erleichtern und Wohnzimmer, wo Sie arbeiten, dass Sie alle bewusst sind!

Anästhesist während der Operation mit Ihnen ist der beste Schutz haben Sie und alle Ihre Vermögenswerte ist ein echtes Juwel. Ihr Chirurg, Anästhesist Sie haben in Ihrem Kopf, wenn Sie in sicheren Händen wissen, dass Sie, Pflege volle Aufmerksamkeit auf ihr Geschäft sind.

Nach der Operation:

Anästhesist du schläfst allein, sondern hat auch das Personal im Gefolge. Seine andere wichtige Arbeit, haben Sie die Operation loswerden Drogen oder Schmerzen nach der Operation erhalten ist nicht notwendig um gesund zu bleiben und die Vorbereitungen für die Pflege und Behandlung zu machen ist, sie anzuwenden. In den letzten Jahren, postoperative Schmerzen, Sie auch unter Ihrer Kontrolle mit einer Methode (Patienten-kontrollierte Analgesie) wird durch den Anästhesisten entlastet.

All dies unter idealen Bedingungen, wenn ausreichende Informationen Ausstattung wie von Leuten, die Narkose angewendet extrem sicher und betrieben in den Prozess der Komfort, viel wichtiger ist, den Betrieb stehen können Sie die Praxis schlägt.

Anästhesie außerhalb des OP-Arzt ...

Anästhesie ist der Zweig der Medizin, der dachte, es sei breiter. Heute sind viele Anästhesisten außerhalb des OP-Berufsfelder. Doctor's degree in der Anästhesie, "Anästhesiologie und Reanimation Specialists" Autor. Animation, besonders im Feriendorf "Wiederbelebung" ist ein Begriff, der häufig in dem Sinne verwendet. Reanimation der "Revitalisierung" ist, dh, aus irgendeinem Grund, das Leben für Patienten mit grundlegenden und fortgeschrittenen lebenserhaltenden Anwendungen gestört wird, verschwinden die Gründe, bis Sie sich die Mühe sicher zu überleben ist alles. Diese Herangehensweise an das Leben von vielen Menschen, die Intensive Care Unit wurde das Basic. Die Patienten in der chirurgischen Intensivstation und anschließend intensiv aufgrund ihrer Erfahrung in der Leitung des Arztes Anästhesisten.

In den letzten Jahren die moderne Medizin und die aktuelle Position Algologie hat sich rasch entwickelt. Wer in einer Periode des Lebens ist von starken Schmerzen gelitten. Deshalb ist der Schmerz so alt wie die menschliche Geschichte ist. Schmerz in der Vergangenheit wurde als Beweis für eine Erkrankung gesehen - vor allem chronische Schmerzen, es ist wie eine Krankheit an sich erkannt. Schmerzen aufgrund einer Krankheit, die Krankheit kann mit der Behandlung beseitigt werden. Es gibt einige chronische Schmerzsyndrome, aber es ist nicht klar, warum, weil sie manchmal nicht beseitigt werden, die einzige Person in solchen Fällen die Bemühungen soll ein schmerzloses Leben weiterhin geleistet werden kann. Beurteilung von Patienten mit chronischen Schmerzen in der Schmerztherapie Zentrum, Einführung von Diagnose und angemessene Behandlung sollte mit einem multidisziplinären Ansatz durchgeführt werden, basierend auf wissenschaftlich fundierte Behandlung sollten Protokolle implementiert, kann erstellt werden.

Anästhesisten während der Operation entfernt der Arzt Schmerzen wegen ihrer Erfahrung in diesem Bereich sind auch aktive und führende Rolle spielen. Viele Methoden wurden mit der Handhabung von akuten Schmerzen nach der Operation gewesen, Geburtshilfe und Schmerztherapie entwickelt möglicherweise nicht möglich sein, chronische Schmerzen zu behandeln.

Epidural Verwendung bei der Geburt ?

Epidural Verwendung bei der Geburt ?

Während des normalen Lieferung mit epidural in den Prozess der, was passieren wird?

Wenn die Wehen beginnen zu stören, dass, wenn die Mutter Geburtskanal Clearing-Operationen Zimmer ist 4 cm sein. Passt sich dem Arm des Serums, der Blutdruck, Herzfrequenz und Sauerstoff-Status aus der Fingerbeere überwacht.

Für eine erfolgreiche epidurale Mutter ist in guter Übereinstimmung mit den Ärzten, ist von wesentlicher Bedeutung sein können, die entsprechende Position übernehmen. In der allgemeinen Praxis in sitzender Stellung genommen und den Körper aufrecht, während immer noch leicht nach hinten lehnen Körper, wenn die Wirbelsäule Grat trennt so dass die Hüfte nach vorne, beugen das Kinn der Brust, sich zurückzulehnen, und beide Schultern nach unten verlassen wird. Diese Position hat als Antiseptikum Medikamente zur Rücknahme und Lendenbereich wird steril und von der Region der Region ist mit einem sterilen Tuch abgedeckt geschaffen worden.

Das Niveau der Anwendung auf der Haut gemacht werden und der Unterhaut ist kompatibel mit einer dünnen Nadel. Der Eingang der Nadel während des Verfahrens nur gefühlt werden. Dann noch mit einer speziellen Nadel in den Epiduralraum mit einem dünnen Schlauch, einen Katheter ist hier, und der Körper mit Hilfe von Heftpflaster fixiert platziert.

Katheter Verabreichung von Medikamenten wird in Kürze abläuft, aber Wehen sind nicht gehindert, wird in der gleichen Weise fortsetzen. Verbinden mit einer Pumpe Schmerz-Katheter bei Patienten mit PCA sancısız erhalten werden.

Von jetzt bis zur Geburt von diesem Ort ist alles das gleiche, aber du wirst nicht das Gefühl, die Schmerzen.

Health Specialist – Health Care Site

Health Specialist – Health Care Site

Willkommen auf der Page hier finden sie unsere eingene Posts bittte schreiben sie noch kommentare unter denn jeweilige Posts. Dankeschön.. bis auf neue Post, Articles

Changes occurring in the body during pregnancy

Changes occurring in the body during pregnancy

When you find out you're pregnant, you'll begin to notice changes in your body. Your body naturally yourself, you and your baby, in front of you for nine months preparing for fed, hormone activity will increase.

The resulting swelling in pregnancy and breast changes

Changes in the chest, beginning in the early days of pregnancy and the 6th-8th. weeks, your breasts will grow in a noticeable way. Your nipple, areola (the brown leather ring around the nipple) becomes darker and the veins near the surface grows. Increased progesterone, your breasts may cause you to feel tight and smooth, and sometimes you can feel the tingling.

12. and 14 weeks until the breasts colostrum (first milk-like substance that will feed your baby a few days) can start producing.

When you grow breasts, wide suspenders, wear a good bra. The last few months, an appropriate measure is better. Use breast pads for leaking colostrum.

Exercise during pregnancy asphyxiation and breath

Your baby grows and more space, it can not breath because your lungs can not find enough space to expand. When placing your baby's head, you'll feel better. To alleviate the problem, as far as possible, sit or stand upright in bed and backed down.

Skin changes during pregnancy on

Different amounts of hormones, causes some skin changes. These are brown on the surface, uneven patches (chloasma, called) covers. In the chest, belly and thighs thin lines (tense marking) and on down to the navel may be in the form of dark lines. This line marks, chloasma, getting worse in the sun, but will be destroyed after pregnancy. Takes a silvery appearance nervous signs, no time is lost completely. Many health professionals, with cream in it is not possible to prevention are of the same ideas, but a good moisturizer on your skin as if to massage cream or oil may like to take.

Uptake and Weight Management During Pregnancy Weight

The amount of weight during pregnancy, women take different, but many will take approximately 10 to 16.5 kg. You start from the beginning of pregnancy, weight gain, but weight is often accumulated in the second half of pregnancy. Normally, a constant target weight gain of the (extremely weak or being overweight, pregnancy or during labor may cause complications).

Actual Common Changes During Pregnancy

Vaginal discharge

During pregnancy may increase. Discharge smells and is irritating if you hurt, see your doctor.

Treatment for vaginal discharge: Wear cotton underwear and socks thin.

Note that people with herpes

Note that people with herpes

Usually the rim, lip, palate, tongue, inner cheeks and gums are pale, common areas, such as, although smaller meals, and many acts of speech is restricted.


As well as infectious and painful sores, body balance can be deeply shaken. Ear, Nose and Throat, Head and Neck Surgery Expert Op. Dr. Haliloğlu tamer, "extreme, you get the symptoms of pre-drop period and the period between closure of the wound is contagious," he said.

Op. Dr. Haliloğlu tamer, a person with herpes is the use of towels, cups, forks, spoons, using items such as kissing or by people with cold sores of herpes infection that you could make an extremely painful Told

Do not touch!

"If you touch the sores to other parts of the face, eyes and other parts of the body (genital area) is also subject to contamination. Not as innocent as I thought it was herpes, I sometimes can lead to infant mortality. Herpes virus (herpes simplex) with the people when he was usually the first time (0-5 years) are met.

The herpes family of one of the herpes virus enters the body as a result of the kiss will. Largely unnoticed in the form of small rash occurs, mouth, gums and lips become infected. But some fine structure can be seen in the form of serious infections.

People with cold sores should be careful

Medical publications, among persons infected with a herpes virus that results in death of newborn cases are. Therefore a person with herpes should be given in daily life. "

Pale before the rash is

Op. Dr. Haliloğlu tamer, some symptoms of herpes occur before that was also mentioned:

"In an area of your body before you tickle, tingling, pale to the dokanmamalı!, Burn, tingle feeling should be known if there will pale. So that reddening of the area, swelling and fluid filled blisters that later followed by the emergence of. Bubble burst occurs and the ulcers are painful sores in this period. Dry and crack over time, distorting the image by opening the leak, and it becomes an ugly wound. Starts crusting sores begin to shrink. Antiviral creams or oral medications in the treatment recommended by doctors. "

Test-tube baby

Test-tube baby

Controlled ovarian hyperstimulation

(Note in the figure of the ovaries are hormonally controlled)

The first phase of treatment of egg quality obtained edebilmektir.Yumurta enough to ensure the development of various hormone preparations are used. Assisted reproductive techniques because of the use of these drugs to get more eggs and embryos to increase chances of pregnancy. Controlled Ovarian Hyperstimulation with different agents and different protocols can be applied. In all protocols, the second or third day of menstruation the ovaries with basal ultrasound examination and blood estrogen determinations are made are considered.

Controlled ovarian hyperstimulation (Note in the figure of the ovaries are hormonally controlled) The first phase of treatment of egg quality obtained

Controlled ovarian hyperstimulation (Note in the figure of the ovaries are hormonally controlled) The first phase of treatment of egg quality obtained

20% of people in Turkey have to bear a child with disabilities because of their consanguinity. Because of intermarriage have doubled the risk of disabled children are born, as well as non-disabled children of consanguineous marriages lasting disease is caused gelmesinede carrying babies to the world.

Consanguineous marriages in Turkey by 20 percent of marriages of children born with disabilities has doubled risk. This is why intermarriage to couples planning to get married before genetic counseling is recommended.

Percent in the community 2-4 ratio of children with disabilities, percentage of consanguineous marriages in persons 4-8 URLs out says. To relatives of the couples marriage, pregnancy before marriage or before the taking of genetic counseling is important that attention. For detailed advice refer primarily to people who come off as a family tree. Any anomalies in the family tree in the family, mental defects, miscarriages and stillbirths have been found to increase risk.

Intermarriage was carrying a pair of genes in the human genetic materials from being damaged in case of both emerging as the dominant form of disease, the risk is increasing.

This is not the dominant gene, if there is only one symptom of error does not occur, then their people are healthy carriers of the disease, even though they are pointed out.

You can transfer from generation to generation. This is not the dominant disease in children can occur both mother and father must carry the same defective gene. So inbred that their parents came to the island the same defective gene carrying the same ancestral population likely be higher in children without this pressure is greater likelihood of disease emergence. If not dominant in the family that carries a disease if the child is born for each subsequent child patients at risk of pregnancy is 25 percent.

Disease may arise as a result of intermarriage of all children born before the mother’s womb at the screening techniques are not possible anywhere in the world. If you have a known diagnosis of familial disease, but the couple’s sick child or unborn child if they have this disease can be studied in terms.

Marriage to couples who have relatives in Turkey to the Mediterranean anemia, a common trait for them to test, if any pregnancy with ultrasound monitoring is recommended. As the developmental follow-up after the child is born, to limit the number of children and second children are encouraged to wait at least 3-4 years.

What is AIDS, How to protect yourself have AIDS?

What is AIDS, How to protect yourself have AIDS?

Is also known as the plague of our age and treatment to avoid being infected with AIDS can not be found yet, especially in sexual matters have to be careful. So, what is AIDS and the HIV virus that causes AIDS? Here are the answers …

Head of Private Hospital, Professor Dawn. Dr. According to the information given by the saints Hacıbektaşoğlu’nun HIV, English, “Human Immunodeficiency Virus” with a combination of the initials of a word and is the name of the virus that causes AIDS. This virus, the human resistance to other diseases (immunity) weakens.

HIV is the cause of

AIDS, the English “Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome” with a combination of the initials of a word and Turkish “Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome” means.

In some countries, AIDS also slim (slim, thin), the word is also used. HIV, the virus is a small and weak people infected with diseases of the body’s ability to eliminate war.

Carry the HIV virus in the body of the person who becomes a disease in time to AIDS.

Is a deadly disease

Normally, our body is protected by our white blood cells. Our white blood cells, they protect our body fight against disease agents.

During the war, the result of some diseases could be factors in patients with leukocyte us victorious and well-Through.

HIV is the virus enters the body when a strong attack on the white blood cells. After a lengthy war, weakened by HIV are white blood cells. As a result, the body’s defenses are too weak.

Without white blood cells to fight germs that cause disease can not be surrendered to the disease. This comes as a result of death.

The risk of cesarean birth

The risk of cesarean birth

For a caesarean operation in spite of everything that is open abdomen. Intra-abdominal inflammation there is always a risk. Stitches and bleeding under the skin and inflammation may be encountered.

Cesarean delivery than in normal blood loss. First, second or third time than the cesarean section is risky. Cesarean section because of the adhesions remain. Urinary bladder may be moved up. Bladder or urinary tract injury is a risk.

3-4 days after cesarean pains continue in stitches, and the mother’s movements and make it difficult to breastfeed.

Problems related to anesthesia in cesarean section with general anesthesia may be. In this way, the death rate of mothers who give birth by cesarean section compared to vaginal delivery is 3-4 times higher.

The risk of cesarean birth

The risk of cesarean birth

For a caesarean operation in spite of everything that is open abdomen. Intra-abdominal inflammation there is always a risk. Stitches and bleeding under the skin and inflammation may be encountered.

Cesarean delivery than in normal blood loss. First, second or third time than the cesarean section is risky. Cesarean section because of the adhesions remain. Urinary bladder may be moved up. Bladder or urinary tract injury is a risk.

3-4 days after cesarean pains continue in stitches, and the mother’s movements and make it difficult to breastfeed.

Problems related to anesthesia in cesarean section with general anesthesia may be. In this way, the death rate of mothers who give birth by cesarean section compared to vaginal delivery is 3-4 times higher.

Gum drops

Gum drops

Other names: incense, boswellia, Styrax, Frankincense, Encens

In nature: Tropical regions grow, "Sigala (Amber) Tree obtained from the rain. Sigala oil in March from eight months to be produced. This oil tree secretory cells occurs. Secretory cells of the plant as a matter of course, but little is. Arboreal hurt results balm, and this injury occurs during a number of endocrine cells also increases.

Features: Anti-inflammatories, antiseptic, calming, good for the digestive, diuretic, tonic. For mental and emotional effects of Frankincense used since ancient times, confusion in the mind provides consistency and order. To feel self-confident, self-criticism, lack of discipline, skepticism, being obsessed, like fatigue and lack of courage in all situations, this oil is soothing and refreshing effects also can benefit from.

Used in: Massage, compress ... Steam bath water, or via respiratory organs and the stomach removed pituitary glands. Are useful for respiratory tract infections. Ulcer of the stomach and intestines and hemorrhoids are used. Conditions such as fatigue and lack of courage in all, this oil is soothing and refreshing effects also can benefit from.

Tonic as: skin rejuvenation, wrinkle fixes. Improving wound

Warnings: Pregnancy may not be used in the mouth taken by road must not be favorable.

The risk of cesarean birth

The risk of cesarean birth

For a caesarean operation in spite of everything that is open abdomen. Intra-abdominal inflammation there is always a risk. Stitches and bleeding under the skin and inflammation may be encountered.

Cesarean delivery than in normal blood loss. First, second or third time than the cesarean section is risky. Cesarean section because of the adhesions remain. Urinary bladder may be moved up. Bladder or urinary tract injury is a risk.

3-4 days after cesarean pains continue in stitches, and the mother’s movements and make it difficult to breastfeed.

Problems related to anesthesia in cesarean section with general anesthesia may be. In this way, the death rate of mothers who give birth by cesarean section compared to vaginal delivery is 3-4 times higher.

Vaccine Schedule

Vaccine Schedule

Bei der Geburt: Hepatitis B

1 Monat: Hepatitis B

2 Monate: Kinderlähmung (Poliomyelitis)


Hib (Meningitis) und Hepatitis B

3 Monate: BCG (TB, TB)

4. Monat: Polio, DPT, Hib

6 Monate: Polio, DPT, Hib

9 Monate: Masern

12 Monatsraten: Flower Water, Hepatitis B

15 Monate: MMR

18 Monate: Polio, DPT, Hib

5-6 Jahre alt (Primary 1) DBT

11-12 Jahre alt: (Primär-5) Tetanus

High School 1: Tetanus

Vermeidung von schweren Erkrankungen in der Kindheit Immunisierung ist die effektivste Art und Weise.

Nach der Lieferung des Impfstoffs im nächsten Monat, um die Wirksamkeit "wiederholter Dosen von" braucht definitiv beibehalten zu tun.



gesundheit ist der wichtigste was im leben erstmal vorgeht. Ohne Gesundheit keine arbeit, Ohne Arbeit Kein geld, Ohne geld verhungern. Aber wenn Sie Gesund und hunter sind. Dann Haben Sie keine probleme mit ihrem leben weil sie arbeiten können und ihr locker geldverdienen.



gesundheit ist der wichtigste was im leben erstmal vorgeht. Ohne Gesundheit keine arbeit, Ohne Arbeit Kein geld, Ohne geld verhungern. Aber wenn Sie Gesund und hunter sind. Dann Haben Sie keine probleme mit ihrem leben weil sie arbeiten können und ihr locker geldverdienen.



gesundheit ist der wichtigste was im leben erstmal vorgeht. Ohne Gesundheit keine arbeit, Ohne Arbeit Kein geld, Ohne geld verhungern. Aber wenn Sie Gesund und hunter sind. Dann Haben Sie keine probleme mit ihrem leben weil sie arbeiten können und ihr locker geldverdienen.

c kalorienarmen Nahrungsmitteln

c kalorienarmen Nahrungsmitteln

Wäre sehr nützlich und effektiv zu schwächen Ihren unteren kalorienreduzierten Lebensmitteln werden erläutert.

Gehören zu den häufigsten Wörter der letzten Jahre unter den ersten Aufstieg mit dem Gewichtsverlust und Diät-Konzepte Hit des Sommers begann. So erreichen Sie das Zielgewicht für Männer und Frauen mit niedrigem Kaloriengehalt und Glück, empfahl das Sättigungsgefühl Nährstoff-Empfehlungen der Experten einen Blick auf was. Nüsse und Samen. Senken Gesamtcholesterin ist Erdnüssen.

Mandeln hilft den Cholesterinspiegel zu senken, zu verhindern Herzkrankheiten und Krebs-kämpfende Eigenschaften einschließlich Vitamin B17 ist. Regulierung des vaskulären Funktion Nüsse. Kürbiskerne nützlich Gesundheit der Prostata und erhöhen die Knochendichte bei Männern.

Bitterschokolade: reich an Antioxidantien und dunkle Schokolade enthält ein natürliches Antidepressivum Serotonin, das Hormon auch eine gute Quelle des Glücks Endorphine. Erweitert die Blutgefäße und hilft, den Blutdruck zu senken. Vergessen Sie nicht, halten Sie Ihre kleinen Portionen, aber.

Full Grain: komplexe Kohlenhydrate, hilft bei der Regulierung des Blutzuckerspiegels. Welche ist eine großartige Quelle für Ballaststoffe und Vollkorn-, Magen-und Darmkrebs hat eine schützende Wirkung.

Quick Fettverbrennung Tipps

Quick Fettverbrennung Tipps

Im Sommer können Sie loswerden wollen von überschüssigem Fett, wenn diejenigen, die Freunde sind dann die richtige Adresse. Wie kann ich loswerden Ihr Fett schneller in diesem Sommer, denn wir brauchen große Angaben enthalten.

Mahlzeit vermischt, diese Mischung aus oft kurzfristige Ziel, schnell Gewicht zu verlieren. Auf diese Weise wird das Öl als Gewichtsverlust Methode, die zu Muskelschwund führt angewandt. Diese Mischung enthält in der Regel viel Protein in den Körperzellen gespeichert, aber wenn Sie Ihre alten Ernährung zurückkehren, kehren Sie die alte kilolarınızada schnell

Übungsprogramme, Übungsprogramme, die alle auf dem Weg zur Gewichtsabnahme sollte in den Deal einbezogen werden. Widerstand der Muskulatur zu machen, muss unbedingt der Arbeit beinhalten. Von Muskel in Ihrem Körper, dass die Platzierung von Öl verhindert, dass in der Region. Drop ein paar Tropfen Zitrone in ein Glas Wasser zu trinken und dann Ihren Stoffwechsel beschleunigen wird.

So beschränken Kalorien aßen gesunde Lebensmittel in Ihre Mahlzeiten, um Energie zu erhöhen tüketiminizide sehr nützlich sein wird.

Gewichtsverlust Medikamente, sollten diese Medikamente betrachtet, welche Art von Körperfett in der Nahrungsaufnahme ist gesperrt. Das Medikament kann in dieser Weise verwendet werden. Während der läuft, aber Sie verwenden können. Dies ist eine unangenehme Nebenwirkungen. Aber diese Situation durch die Leitung, um zu essen weniger Fett kann eine negative Funktion unterstützen.

Fat Diet and Hypertension

Fat Diet and Hypertension

The high-fat diet can induce high blood pressure or hypertension, according to an animal study presented last week at the Conference 62 of Hypertension Research 2008 in Atlanta, GA. Another study shows that weight loss can help lower the tension.

Obesity, which is believed to be linked with dietary fat, high, and typical Western, has been commonly associated with hypertension, especially in the African American population.

For the study, David M Pollock and colleagues at the Medical College of Georgia, Augusta, GA tested the effect of the high-fat diet in the tension of Dahl salt-sensitive rats.

The rats were monitored for their bad blood pressure (MAP) for a week before and during 4 weeks of eating a high fat diet (fat 36 per cent). The salt-resistant rats were used as controls.

In a high-fat diet for a period of 4 weeks, the salt-sensitive rats experienced a surge in the 125-MAP-line background mmHg to 150 mmHg while the controls did not experience any significant increase in MAP: 102 bottom line mmHg to 109 mmHg after against fat diet, high and 4 weeks.

The high-fat diet also did the salt-sensitive rats more susceptible to the effects of environmental stress in tension. TRACE in rats in the high-fat diet was 38.7 mmHg compared to 22.5 mmHg in those on a normal diet.

The results along with additional research support the hypothesis that "a high-fat diet contributes to hypertension and an exaggerated response of stress in rats genetically susceptible." the authors wrote in their report.

At the same conference, a new Italian study led by Dr. Rosa Maria Bruno of the University of Pisa found that vitamin C can be delivered intravenously to lower the tension by as much as 7 percent.

Another new Italian study also presented at the exhibitions of the conference that about half of people with excessive weight to the stage 1 hypertension or high blood pressure can achieve its voltage normalized by losing just 5 to the weight of 12 per cent and standardize their BMI.

The study was conducted by Roberto Fogari and colleagues at Universita 'di Pavia in Pavia, Italy.

The researchers meant to assess the role of weight loss in value of tension in people with excessive weight of stage 1 hypertension who had never received any medicine to treat his hypertensive condition.

The study involved 189 people from excessive weight (BMI 25 to 29.9 kg/m2) with stage 1 patients with hypertension (SBP tension = 140-159 mmHg or systolic and diastolic tension or DBP 90 - 99mmHg). The participants were given nutritional advice I 120 to 360 mg of Orlistat per day to achieve a 5 percent loss in weight in 6 months.

Those who successfully lost the weight concentrated in 5 percent of the treatment continued for another 6 months and the stress and weight was measured every month. At the bottom line, 6 and 12 months of treatment, ambulatory 24-hour tension was evaluated and blood samples were drawn to test leptin plasma renin and aldosterone assets.

The researchers found that 111 participants or 59 percent of the subjects of the study achieved a reduction of 5 percent in weight.

Has found that those who lost their targeted amount of weight experienced a significant drop in SBP and DBP (-6.9 and -4.2 percent respectively) and high weight loss resulted in the reduction in high tension.

Among those who managed the loss of 5 percent in weight, fifty three or 48 percent normalized their BMI and 28 of them or 53 percent normalized their tension.

Health Services in Turkey

Health Services in Turkey

Every Turkish working citizen as their employer pays a prima in behalf of them to the state (and wife, husband, children) is automatically secured for health services by the SSK (Social Insurance Association) which is owned by the State. Unfortunately the social security system of Turkey is not able to serve non-working or unofficially working citizens. With a new law that is accepted by the parliament by June 2000, unemployed citizens would be able to get health service if they match the criteria. Turkish citizens who are retired are also able to get health service of the state.

The employers, owners of enterprises do pay a different prim to the government (BAĞKUR) that gives them the right to get health service from state hospitals which are in a little better conditions then SSK hospitals in means of infrastructure and hygiene.

Apart from that, citizens which are able to afford the payments, insure their selves by private health insurance companies that gives the possibility to use the private hospitals. Among many possibilities there are two major sorts.

1- "Yatarak" : Secures only the cases which ends with a lodging in a hospital. Operations, Emergency care, Big accidents etc. Generally % 100 of the expenses are secured.

2- "Ayakta ve Yatarak" : Secures all health expenses depending on the condition of the insurance which could be set by the customer. Generally the customer has a %20 percent of own risk with lights health care or controls where no hospital lodging take place. All cases where hospital lodging is need are paid in full.

Private hospitals are open to everybody which could afford the expenses which are high in case compared with the average income of Turkish citizens.

Although the physically health service standard in government owned hospitals seems below average, in private hospitals this level reaches far above international standards in means of infrastructure and expertise. Overall in Turkey the level of expertise and education is quite high and trustful.

On January 2002, the English health social security system authorities has contacted Turkish health authorities to be able to cure English patients in Turkey. This is just a recent development that proves the educate standards of Turkish hospitals and doctors. (Source Hurriyet Newspaper)

Role of science in health

Role of science in health

Health science is the branch of science focused on health, and it includes many subdisciplines. There are two approaches to health science: the study and research of the human body and health-related issues to understand how humans (and animals) function, and the application of that knowledge to improve health and to prevent and cure diseases.


Health research builds primarily on the basic sciences of biology, chemistry, and physics as well as a variety of multidisciplinary fields (for example medical sociology). Some of the other primarily research-oriented fields that make exceptionally significant contributions to health science are biochemistry, epidemiology, and genetics.


Applied health sciences also endeavor to better understand health, but in addition they try to directly improve it. Some of these are: health education,biomedical engineering, biotechnology, nursing, nutrition, pharmacology, pharmacy, public health (see above), social work, psychology, physical therapy, and medicine. The provision of services to maintain or improve people's health is referred to as health care (see above).

Public health

Public health

Public health is "the science and art of preventing disease, prolonging life and promoting health through the organised efforts and informed choices of society, organizations, public and private, communities and individuals." (Winslow, 1920) [citation needed] It is concerned with threats to the overall health of a community based on population health analysis. The population in question can be as small as a handful of people or as large as all the inhabitants of several continents (for instance, in the case of a pandemic). Public health has many sub-fields, but is typically divided into the categories of epidemiology, biostatistics and health services. Environmental, social and behavioral health, and occupational health, are also important fields in public health.

The focus of public health intervention is to prevent rather than treat a disease through surveillance of cases and the promotion of healthy behaviors. In addition to these activities, in many cases treating a disease can be vital to preventing it in others, such as during an outbreak of an infectious disease. Vaccination schedules and distribution of condoms are examples of public health measures.

Unlike clinical professionals, public health is more focused on entire populations rather than on individuals. Its aim is preventing from happening or re-occurring health problems by implementing educational programs, developing policies, administering services, and conducting research.

Public health also takes several actions to limit the health disparities between different areas of the country, continent or world. The great issue this system is trying to solve is the access of individuals to health care which has always been restricted for those who did not dispose of the necessary financial means. Other academic disciplines that are comprised by this field include maternal and child health, health services administration, global health, public health practice, public health policy and nutrition.

The great positive impact of public health programs is widely admitted. Because of the health policies and the actions public health professionals develop, the 20th century has registered a decrease of the mortality rates in infants and children and a constant increase in life expectancy. It is estimated that the life expectancy for Americans has increase with 30 years since 1900.

Maintaining health

Maintaining health

Main article: Self care

Achieving and maintaining health is an ongoing process. Effective strategies for staying healthy and improving one's health include the following elements:

Observations of Daily Living

Personal health depends partially on one's active, passive, and assisted observations about their health in their everyday life. The information gleaned from such observations may be used to inform personal decisions and actions (e.g., "I feel tired in the morning so I am going to try sleeping on a different pillow"), as well as clinical decisions and treatment plans (e.g., a patient who notices his or her shoes are tighter than usual may be having exacerbation of left-sided heart failure, and may require diuretic medication to reduce fluid overload) for patients who share their observations with their health care providers.[citation needed]

Social Activity

Main article: Social relation

Personal health depends partially on the social structure of one's life. The maintenance of strong social relationships is linked to good health conditions, longevity, productivity, and a positive attitude. This is due to the fact that positive social interaction as viewed by the participant increases many chemical levels in the brain which are linked to personality and intelligence traits.

Volunteering also can lead to a healthy life. To be a volunteer, while gaining plenty of social benefits, people also take their mind off their own troubles.[citation needed] Volunteering could even add years of life. According to a university study,[citation needed] compared with people who did not volunteer, senior citizens who volunteered showed a 67% reduced risk of dying during a seven-year period.


Main article: Hygiene

Hygiene is the practice of keeping the body clean to prevent infection and illness, and the avoidance of contact with infectious agents. Hygiene practices include bathing, brushing and flossing teeth, washing hands especially before eating, washing food before it is eaten, cleaning food preparation utensils and surfaces before and after preparing meals, and many others. This may help prevent infection and illness. By cleaning the body, dead skin cells are washed away with the germs, reducing their chance of entering the body.

Stress management

Main article: Stress management

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Prolonged psychological stress may negatively impact health, and has been cited as a factor in cognitive impairment with aging, depressive illness, and expression of disease.[10]. Stress management is the application of methods to either reduce stress or increase tolerance to stress. Relaxation techniques are physical methods used to relieve stress. Psychological methods include cognitive therapy, meditation, and positive thinking which work by reducing response to stress. Improving relevant skills and abilities builds confidence, which also reduces the stress reaction to situations where those skills are applicable.

Reducing uncertainty, by increasing knowledge and experience related to stress-causing situations, has the same effect. Learning to cope with problems better, such as improving problem solving and time management skills, may also reduce stressful reaction to problems. Repeatedly facing an object of one's fears may also desensitize the fight-or-flight response with respect to that stimulus—e.g., facing bullies may reduce fear of bullies.

Health care

Main article: Health care

Health care [11] is the prevention, treatment, and management of illness and the preservation of mental and physical well being through the services offered by the medical, nursing, and allied health professions.

Workplace wellness programs

Main article: Workplace wellness

Workplace wellness programs are recognized by an increasingly large number of companies for their value in improving the health and well-being of their employees, and for increasing morale, loyalty, and productivity.[citation needed] Workplace wellness programs can include things like onsite fitness centers, health presentations, wellness newsletters, access to health coaching, tobacco cessation programs and training related to nutrition, weight and stress management. Other programs may include health risk assessments, health screenings and body mass index monitoring.

Wellness programs may also be found in such places neighborhood community centers and schools. These typically require participants to have a greater degree of commitment to themselves, as they are voluntary.

Determinants of health

Determinants of health

The LaLonde report suggests that there are four general determinants of health including human biology, environment, lifestyle, and healthcare services. Thus, health is maintained and improved not only through the advancement and application of health science, but also through the efforts and intelligent lifestyle choices of the individual and society.

A major environmental factor is water quality, especially for the health of infants and children in developing countries.

Studies show that in developed countries, the lack of neighborhood recreational space that includes the natural environment leads to lower levels of neighborhood satisfaction and higher levels of obesity; therefore, lower overall well being. Therefore, the positive psychological benefits of natural space in urban neighborhoods should be taken into account in public policy and land use.

According to the World Health Organization, the main determinants of health include the social and economic environment, the physical environment and the person's individual characteristics and behaviors.
 Generally, the context in which an individual lives is of great importance on his life quality and health status. The social and economic environment are key factors in determining the health status of individuals given the fact that higher education levels are linked with a higher standard of life as well as a higher income. Generally, people who finish higher education are more likely to get a better job and therefore are less prone to stress by comparing to individuals with low education levels.

The physical environment is perhaps the most important factor that should be considered when classifying the health status of an individual. This includes factors such as clean water and air, safe houses, communities and roads all contribute to good health.

Genetics are also part of the system based on which the health of the population can be established. Genetics are closely related to the habits and behaviors individuals develop during their life, particularly in terms of lifestyle choices. For instance, people who come from families whose members had a more active lifestyle and followed healthier diets, non-smoking and non-drinking are more likely to follow the same pattern in their life. The example set by the family as well as the relationship with friends and family can have a great impact on one's general health. Nonetheless, genetics may play a role in the manner in which people cope with stress.

Moreover, the World Health Organization lists a wide range of other factors that can influence the well being of a person. According to WHO, the gender, social support networks and health services in terms of both quality and access to them are to be considered as health determinants. Access to health care is one of the large issues of the nowadays society, maybe even greater than the quality of the service. Individuals in developing countries are more prone to suffer from different health conditions because their access to the health care system is restricted mostly from financial reasons.

Although many individuals are often criticized for not taking good care of their health based on the presumption that the mirror's of one's personality is one's health. , it is now accepted that there are many factors that have a significant impact on one's health and which cannot be controlled.



Health is the general condition of a person in all aspects. It is also a level of functional and/or metabolic efficiency of an organism, often implicitly human.

The CaduceusAt the time of the creation of the World Health Organization (WHO), in 1948, health was defined as being "a state of complete physical, mental, and social well-being and not merely the absence of disease or infirmity".

Only a handful of publications have focused specifically on the definition of health and its evolution in the first 6 decades. Some of them highlight its lack of operational value and the problem created by use of the word "complete." Others declare the definition, which has not been modified since 1948, "simply a bad one."

In 1986, the WHO, in the Ottawa Charter for Health Promotion, said that health is "a resource for everyday life, not the objective of living. Health is a positive concept emphasizing social and personal resources, as well as physical capacities." Classification systems such as the WHO Family of International Classifications (WHO-FIC), which is composed of the International Classification of Functioning, Disability, and Health (ICF) and the International Classification of Diseases (ICD) also define health.

Overall health is achieved through a combination of physical, mental, and social well-being, which, together is commonly referred to as the Health Triangle.